Geron Reports Two Imetelstat Data Presentations at European Hematology Association Annual Congress
- Updated 8-week RBC-TI rate for the Phase 2 portion of IMerge increased to 42%, from 37% in
- Updated 24-week RBC-TI rate for the Phase 2 portion of IMerge increased to 29%, from 26% in
- Statistical analyses comparing IMbark clinical trial data to closely matched real-world data suggest favorable overall survival with imetelstat compared to best available therapy
Updated Efficacy and Safety Data from the Phase 2 Portion of IMerge
“The EHA presentation for the Phase 2 portion of IMerge reported higher efficacy responses from prior reported data for both 8-week and 24-week RBC-TI rates, which highlight the meaningful and durable transfusion independence achievable with imetelstat treatment in heavily transfusion dependent lower risk MDS patients,” said
Title: Treatment with Imetelstat Provides Durable Transfusion Independence (TI) in Heavily Transfused Non-del(5q) Lower Risk MDS (LR-MDS) Relapsed/Refractory (R/R) to Erythropoiesis Stimulating Agents (ESAs) (Abstract #S837)
This oral presentation described updated efficacy and safety data as of
The primary efficacy endpoint is the rate of red blood cell transfusion independence (RBC-TI) lasting at least eight weeks, or 8-week RBC-TI rate, which is defined as the proportion of patients achieving RBC-TI during any consecutive eight weeks since entry into the trial. Key secondary endpoints include the rate of RBC-TI lasting at least 24 weeks, or 24-week RBC-TI rate, and the rate of hematologic improvement-erythroid (HI-E), defined as a reduction of at least four units of
Efficacy Summary (n=38):
- 42% (16/38) of patients achieved ≥8-week RBC-TI
- 29% (11/38) of patients achieved ≥24-week RBC-TI
- Median duration of TI was 85.9 weeks (range: 8.0-140.9)
- 68% (26/38) of patients achieved HI-E, or improvement in red blood cell count, as measured by either transfusion reduction or a rise in hemoglobin:
° All 26 patients had a reduction of at least four
RBCunits over eight weeks compared with prior transfusion burden
° 12 of 26 patients had a hemoglobin increase of at least 1.5 g/dL lasting at least eight weeks
- Mean relative reduction in transfusion burden from baseline was 68%
Additional data were presented showing that transfusion independence was observed across different clinical subgroups, as well as in patients with intermediate or poor cytogenetic risk.
- No new safety signals were identified. Reversible cytopenias were the most frequent adverse events.
The slide presentation is available on Geron’s website at www.geron.com/r-d/publications.
Statistical Analyses of Median Overall Survival in IMbark Compared to Real World Data
“The EHA poster presentation reported the results of statistical analyses in which the months of median overall survival for imetelstat-treated relapsed/refractory MF patients in IMbark was calculated to be more than double that for closely matched patients treated with best available therapy using real-world data,” said
Abstract Title: Favorable Overall Survival of Imetelstat-Treated Relapsed/Refractory Myelofibrosis Patients Compared with Closely Matched Real World Data (Abstract #PS1456)
This poster presentation provided a new analysis of overall survival (OS) in relapsed/refractory MF patients treated with imetelstat 9.4 mg/kg in the IMbark Phase 2 clinical trial, compared to OS calculated from real world data (RWD) collected at the
To mimic the effect of randomization and improve comparability between the IMerge and RWD populations, two different propensity score approaches were used to balance these two populations with respect to baseline covariates and prognostic factors that could have impacted OS outcomes. The calculations from both propensity score approaches resulted in a median OS of 30.7 months for the imetelstat-treated patients from IMbark, which is more than double the median OS of 12.0 months using RWD for patients treated with BAT. The analysis also indicated a 65-67% lower risk of death for the imetelstat-treated patients vs. BAT-treated patients. A sensitivity analysis assessing the impact on OS of subsequent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation showed no substantial differences in median OS calculated for either the imetelstat-treated or BAT-treated patients. The poster presentation concluded that although there are limitations of such comparative analyses between RWD and clinical trial data, favorable OS of imetelstat treatment in this very poor-prognosis patient population warrants further evaluation.
The poster is available at www.geron.com/r-d/publications.
Post-EHA Event with Key Opinion Leaders
Current Ongoing Clinical Trials of Imetelstat
Patients currently enrolled in ongoing imetelstat clinical trials continue to be supported through the respective trial protocols, including treatment and follow-up.
Phase 2 Portion of IMerge
IMerge is a two-part Phase 2/3 clinical trial of imetelstat in lower risk MDS. The first part of IMerge was designed as a Phase 2, open label, single arm study to assess the efficacy and safety of imetelstat. The primary efficacy endpoint is 8-week RBC-TI rate, which is defined as the proportion of patients achieving red blood cell transfusion independence during any consecutive eight weeks since entry into the trial.
Key secondary endpoints include the rate of RBC-TI lasting at least 24 weeks, or 24-week RBC-TI rate, and the rate of hematologic improvement-erythroid (HI-E), defined as a reduction of at least four units of
IMbark was designed as a Phase 2 clinical trial to evaluate two starting dose levels of imetelstat (either 4.7 mg/kg or 9.4 mg/kg administered by intravenous infusion every three weeks) in patients with Intermediate-2 or High-risk MF who have relapsed after or are refractory to prior treatment with a janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor. The co-primary efficacy endpoints for the trial are spleen response rate and symptom response rate. Key secondary endpoints are safety and overall survival (OS). IMbark is closed to new patient enrollment.
Imetelstat is a novel, first-in-class telomerase inhibitor exclusively owned by Geron and being developed in hematologic myeloid malignancies. Early clinical data suggest imetelstat may have disease-modifying activity through the suppression of malignant progenitor cell clone proliferation, which allows potential recovery of normal hematopoiesis. Ongoing clinical studies of imetelstat consists of a Phase 2/3 trial, called IMerge, in lower risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and a Phase 2 trial, called IMbark, in Intermediate-2 or High-risk myelofibrosis. Imetelstat received Fast Track designation from the
Geron is a late-stage clinical biopharmaceutical company focused on the development and potential commercialization of a first-in-class telomerase inhibitor, imetelstat, in hematologic myeloid malignancies. For more information about Geron, visit www.geron.com.
Use of Forward-Looking Statements
Except for the historical information contained herein, this press release contains forward-looking statements made pursuant to the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Investors are cautioned that such statements, include, without limitation, those regarding: (i) that the Phase 3 portion of IMerge will be open for patient screening and enrollment in
Source: Geron Corporation